Mars, The Red Planet

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Register to read the introduction… The red planet is home to many different land features, such as the highest mountain, deepest valley, and largest volcanoes in the entire Solar System. The surface of Mars is mainly made up of craters, old volcanoes, and sand, and this indicates that Mars mainly has rough surfaces, but it has no less of smooth surfaces as well, including the flattest plains in the entire solar system. It is also expected to remain this way due to the fact that on Mars, there are no environmental forces, plate tectonics, wind or rain to erode them. The surface mainly consists of basalt, with a layer of iron oxide dust over it, giving the planet its reddish color. Olympus Mons is the largest volcano in the solar system, with a diameter of 370 miles and height of about 17 miles, which is roughly three times the height of Mount Everest. The Valles Marineris plains of valleys spread out through the surface of Mars for about 2,500 miles and 6 miles deep into the …show more content…
Mars took about 100,000 years to form, by small objects joining together. As Mars grew, the force pulled in more small objects, and the heat caused the layers of the red planet to form as well. As it cooled down on Mars, the atmosphere was created along with craters being established on the surface. The planet soon became stable after it completely cooled down from the impacts. As easy as it seems to survive on Mars, the temperature goes up to about -80°F in normal weather, but can go down to -190°F in the polar caps in the winter season as well. Mars is home to the largest dust storms in the Solar System, which can be spread out over the entire planet, and last for many months. Theories say that winds are able to lift dust off the surface, and heats the atmosphere, which then turns into a cycle. The majority of the surface is carbon dioxide, 95.32%. The remaining portion is made up of 2.7% nitrogen, 1.6% argon, 0.13% oxygen, 0.08% carbon monoxide and very minor amounts of minor amounts of water, nitrogen oxide, neon, hydrogen-deuterium oxygen, krypton, and xenon. Mars currently has no magnetic field however, parts of its crust are able to be 10 times more magnetized than anything on

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