Maritime Piracy And Terrorism Is The Fundamental Objective Essay

1835 Words Apr 19th, 2016 null Page
Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, increased speculation of terrorist attacks connected to maritime piracy has occurred in social media and national government discourse (Young & Valencia, 2003). Young and Valencia (2003) provide a valuable contribution to the issues concerning maritime piracy and terrorism by defining the differences and similarities between these two types of crimes. The similarities between terrorism and maritime piracy are that the underlying environmental conditions are the same: e.g. national poverty and political instability as well as the violent nature of the tactics used in both acts (Young & Valencia, 2003). In contrast, the primary difference between maritime piracy and terrorism is the fundamental objective. The purpose of the pirate is economic gain. Conversely, the ultimate goal of the terrorist, beyond the violent act of hostage taking or seizure, is a political or religious ideology (Young & Valencia, 2003).
The chart in Figure 5 graphically depicts the similarities and differences between maritime piracy and terrorism. Furthermore, Figure 5 provides a delineation of maritime piracy into four levels of increasing risk escalation. The first and most common level of maritime piracy is theft or stealing (Young & Valencia, 2003). The next two levels of maritime piracy are short and long term seizure (Young & Valencia, 2003). The fourth and most serious form of maritime piracy is hijacking, which is also a tactic utilized by…

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