Marcel Duchamp Function
His older brother Gaston became a painter and is known as Jacques Villon, Raymond Duchamp-Villon became a sculptor and his sister became also an artist and got known as Susanne Crotti. So there is no doubt that Duchamp got many creative influences of his family.
In 1904 Marcel Duchamp started to study on the Julian academy in Paris.
Duchamp‘s style of art
You know, every artist has his own style of art. But sometimes the style of art can make a change or changes throughout the works of an artist. Duchamp often changed his style.
Duchamps first works are inspired by Impressionism and the cubistic style.
In 1913 Duchamp made his first Ready-made. By challenging the very notion of what is art, his first Ready-mades sent shock waves across the art world that can still be felt today. He in a way changed and influenced the whole art movement and art history with his Ready-mades. (Later on I will tell you what a ready-made exactly is.) Through his 21 Ready-mades he got famous as a Dadaist. Duchamp is the forefather of the Ready-mades, that‘s why he basically influenced so many Dada-Artists. From 1933 on he again intensively concentrated on original art and his works got kind of a surrealistic style.
His artistic productions also significantly affected artistic movements such as the …show more content…
Duchamp chose the name „Fountain“ (Springbrunnen), instead of „urinal“ to raise the urinal by the alienation of art. Due to the „Fontaine“ he really provokes the good taste of the community, by selecting a object, which had the least chance of being loved. A urinal bowl - there are not much, who think that that is something wonderful or lovable.
Now think again of the words on the urinal, R. Mutt. When you put the ‚R‘ after Mutt, you‘ll get the German word“Mutt[e]R“. This wasn‘t an unusual interpretation, because Duchamp often play on words in foreign languages. Mothers are the source of life, this would explain the word ‚Fountain‘ and the vaginal shape of the urinal.
Duchamp often gives himself other names, so called pseudonyms for his own name. That could be another aspect for the title R. Mutt. Duchamp defended his work in an unsigned article in The
Blind Man, a one-shot magazine published by a friend of him. In this article he said: “Whether Mr. Mutt with his own hands made the fountain or not has no importance. He CHOSE it. He took an ordinary article of life, placed it so that its useful significance disappeared under the new title and point of view — created a new thought for that object.” At this time, almost nobody understood what Duchamp was talking about. But fifty years later everyday objects would be ordinary in