Essay about Mao 's Theory Of Historical Materialism

1491 Words Dec 12th, 2016 6 Pages
Mao is a self-proclaimed Marxist-Leninist, however, most of his policies are nothing close to being Marxist-Leninist. Moreover, Mao disagreed with Marx’s key theory of historical materialism, which is the study of history on the basis of the materialistic condition at that period. Instead, he believed that history is shaped by an individual’s thoughts. We can see this concept being applied throughout his reign. One example is The Great Proletariat Cultural Revolution, commonly referred as the Cultural Revolution. It was led by Mao Zedong for primarily political motives. High US officials described the revolution “a debate on policy between revolutionary romantics and pragmatics” and “a power struggle of ambitious men competing for the succession to Mao.” The 10-year long revolution between 1966-76 was an internal political fight within the party and an effort for Mao to regain his power/influence.
Mao throughout the revolution failed to apply Marxist theory. An orthodox Marxist would argue that this model of revolution would ultimately not lead to any change in the society because it is only focusing to change the superstructure and not the economic base. According to Marx changing, anything within the superstructure will not solve the class struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. In this paper, I will be giving evidence that the revolution solely had political motives and how Mao wrongly formulated his “own” interpretation of Marxism to meet the then…

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