Mao Zedong Of The Chinese Communist Party Essay

2238 Words Jul 31st, 2016 9 Pages
In his 1955 July 31st speech on ‘The Question of Agricultural Cooperation’, Mao Zedong sought to resolve a dispute within the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) over the pace of socialisation in the countryside. The First Five Year Plan (FFYP), which had been introduced in 1953 necessitated a program of co-opertivisation to increase production and efficiency in the agricultural sector so as to reinvest in capital. This program was achieved through the pooling of labour, land, tools, draught animals, and machinery within lower Agricultural People’s Collectives (APC). However, in July 1955, a mere 14 percent of the 120 million families in the countryside belonged to a co-operative. The pace, although acceptable to a number of members of the CCP like Deng Zihui, was far too slow for Mao Zedong, prompting a major policy intervention on his part. Setting the tone for the coming years, Mao Zedong would state that “The tide of social reform in the countryside — in the shape of cooperation — has already reached some places. Soon it will sweep the whole country.” Less than a year later, by the end of 1956, the number of families belonging to co-operatives had increased to more than 90 percent.

As political and economic conditions in China have evolved, academic perspectives on the introduction and application of the Communist High Tide of Socialism (CHTS) in China have shifted focus accordingly. Differing perspectives have been prompted by the variety of commentators writing on the…

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