Essay about Mao Zedong And The Soviet Model Of China

830 Words Mar 7th, 2016 4 Pages
On October 1, 1949, Mao Zedong proclaimed the creation of the People’s Republic of China. China followed the Soviet model of government from 1949 to 1959, but the Soviet model relied heavily on a large industrial population. China did not have a large industrial population (Stanton 2016). Instead, Mao made the foundation of his revolution the peasants (Marlay and Neher 1999). Mao instigated a reworking of Chinese society during his rule, as Mao strictly believed that change must be the constant and that revolutions must be continuous (Marlay and Neher). The Cultural Revolution weeded out opposition to Mao’s ideas and enforced the shedding of the “four olds”, old thoughts, old culture, old customs, and old habits through young teenagers (Marlay and Neher). Mao Zedong’s changes, however, did not remain intact after his death.
After Mao’s death in 1976, a group called the Gang of Four, led by Madam Mao, Mao’s wife, held onto power until they were arrested. Deng Xiaoping took charge in 1979, but not as the official premier. Deng Xiaoping and his followers reversed nearly everything that Mao had done (Marlay and Neher). Deng Xiaoping implemented the Four Modernizations in agriculture, industry, technology, and national defense (Marlay and Neher). The person ultimately responsible for incorporating some aspects of capitalism, but not democracy, into Mao’s communist China was Deng Xiaoping in his mission to modernize China. Since Mao Zedong and Deng Xioping’s rule over China,…

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