Manufacturing Insecurity: How Militarism Endangers America By William Pfaff

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Part I – Analysis in Academic Literature In the execution of a properly articulated position in academia, there must be a clear distinction made between what is considered descriptive writing versus critical writing. While in the presentation of an argument, it may become necessary to use descriptive language to allow for a steady basis upon which to build an argument, descriptive language does nothing beyond list facts and figures. An example of the implementation of descriptive writing in the building of an argument for or against some topic, is a discussion on whether abortion is “moral” or not. If one were to be descriptive, one would list either the benefits or the consequences found by empirical data and list them ad nauseam. In critical …show more content…
This topic is important and poignant because, if it is true that America’s tendency to sustain military presence internationally is leading to an uptick in the rate of radical insurgents who emerge from the ruins of war than it may mean that US policy makers may have to completely reevaluate how they analyses overseas threats and how to best prepare for these threats to national interests. This paper will address this issue first by providing a summary of Pfaff’s article to allow the reader a clearer understanding of the issue at hand. After this summary, this paper will analyze the examples Pfaff presents in his article regarding the extent and purpose of the global base system and will present the counterargument that in fact the noninterventionist policy which he proposes is systemically impossible and overtly utopian in the modern context. This context is meant as, that which precludes past engagements and instead concerns itself with ongoing and future …show more content…
wartime operations. This halting and eventual expansion of military encampments overseas was the result of fears of constant threat of attack from the Soviets during the Cold War, according to Pfaff and other sources. However, in securing this order in Europe there resulted an eventual “blitzkrieg” of American forces into Iraq during the Gulf War. The Gulf War was orchestrated not only as a result of this now fervent nationalism as a result of the Cold War, but also as a result of the Powell Doctrine of popular support, overwhelming force, focused objectives and rapid withdrawal. However, as Pfaff points out, this does not lead to a tradition in rapid withdrawal that was the modus operandi of Pre-WWII America, instead it led to a cycle of invasion and indefinite military presence. The Pentagon took advantage of the restored morale amongst the military and expanded its role while seizing unoccupied bureaucratic territory, as Pfaff

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