Mannerism And Baroque Essay

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Register to read the introduction… The word baroque comes from the Portuguese word barocca meaning pearl of irregular shape. Many historical events occurred during the baroque period. The death of Queen Elizabeth I, the establishment of the Jamestown settlement in North America, the ascension of King Louis XIII in France, the 30 Year War, and arrival of the Pilgrims in North America to name a few. In the seventeenth century, the city of Rome became the model indication of Catholic dignity and satisfaction articulated in all the arts. (The Metropolitan Museum of Art, n.d.) “The popularity and success of the "baroque" was encouraged by the Catholic Church when it decided that the spectacle of the baroque artists' style could communicate religious themes in direct and emotional attachment. The secular nobles also saw the dramatic style of baroque architecture and art as a means of impressing visitors and prospective competitors.” ("ArtinPicture.com," 2013, para. 2) The Baroque period is known for its extravagance and eccentricity. Chiaroscuro and tenebrism are a large part of Baroque art. Some of the main characteristics of the baroque era are of the portrayals feel emotionally and tangibly real. The artists wanted you to participate in the scene. Baroque artists painted real people with all of their imperfections. The artists rendered religious figures and saints in theological settings and miracles portrayed as ordinary individuals in common goings-on. Gian Lorenzo Bernini is one of the greatest artists to emerge out of the Baroque period. Some of Bernini’s works include The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa, Rape of Persephone, and the Triton Fountain at the Piazza Barberini. Known for extravagant, exuberant, and intricate details the baroque style has influenced architecture, furnishings, music and it has carried into modern designs. You can pick baroque inspired designs out everywhere. Fabric, furniture, advertising, computer …show more content…
The Mannerist concentrated more on the positioning of the subjects than the emotion that it portrayed. There are usually no visible light sources but an complete light that seems to come from everywhere. “There is also a pattern in the juxtaposition of the figures that sit weightlessly and with little or no emotional attachment to the viewer. The Baroque painting emotionally attracts the viewer with its naturalistic point of view, often showing so much intensity or gruesomeness that the reaction to it is surprising and shocking. The composition is well planned out in order to invite the viewer into the picture plane and concentrates less on the pattern of the figures and more on a linear and realistic positioning. In addition, usually there is a light source seeping into the scene from one direction.”(Williamson, 2006) In the 1600s, the mannerists were accused of disrupting the unity of the renaissance classicism. Looking back, the mannerist movement actually supplied the relationship between Renaissance perfection and the emotional Baroque art that would be developed in the 17th

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