Manhattan Project Initiation

Improved Essays
Origination and Initiation of the Manhattan Project
The development of atomic bomb in the United States started in 1939 when a small number of physicists were alarmed over the possibility of Germany successfully developing an atomic bomb and warned President Roosevelt. Einstein and Szilard wrote a letter on their proposal about atomic bombs and was delivered to the President's aide, General Edwin Watson, by Alexander Sachs, an economist and writer who had a friendly relationship with Roosevelt. The letter described the new powerful bombs that could be produced and recommended that the U.S. Government speed up experimental work currently taking place. Einstein emphasized in his letter that Germany had stopped the sale of uranium from Czechoslovakian
…show more content…
The Committees of the Manhattan Project know of its impact and but not the probability assessment of the events. They know that the atomic bomb would affect to the results of the war, but as they go along the development of the atomic bomb, they have experienced difficulties in the isotope isolation methods, building the bomb, detonation of the bomb, time and budget …show more content…
& Hulett, D., (2004) in Assessing Risk Probability: Alternative Approaches, there is a wide range of factors that can influence the way uncertainty is perceived by both individuals and groups, which are Familiarity, Manageability, Proximity and Propinquity.
Familiarity: the Committee and the leaders of Manhattan Project have not yet come across with the same situation before, thus they are not familiar with the possibility; however, there people especially the scientist and the military have pertinent experience, skills, and knowledge.
Manageability: the Committee and the leaders of the Manhattan Project has a high degree of control on the process and progress of the atomic bomb creation as they are one that can decide on the given situation, and they can also access into the opinion of the higher top management. Relative to this, it is important to note that the Manhattan Project has several Committees that has the authority to deliberate, plan and decide on the assessment of the project as they go along.
Proximity: There is a higher proximity or possible occurrence of the risk since they are considering the time frame and success (since it is deadly) of the project. The Committee wanted the atomic bomb to be finished before the other countries was able to launch a bomb in

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    ...Scientists of other countries will be spurred on to develop atomic bombs of their own in self-defense. This in turn will lead to further emphasis on the military applications on our own part. The result will be an armaments race, with all its disastrous possibility.” (Physicists Predict a Nuclear Arms Race, 1945). These excerpts from the statement have been proven true in the future, and it is obvious how the Manhattan Project had essentially created the start of the Arms Race. The statement had given some precautionary measures that may have helped including intensive research and development of weapons for…

    • 1709 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    This continued unknown to the public and even for a brief period, the next president, Harry Truman. After the Secretary of Defense, James Forrestal, informed Mr. Truman about their secret, he was very cautious and down to earth about his decision to use it. The Manhattan Project was the United States answer to the growing Nazi forces. America was fearful that Germany might develop an atomic bomb (Encyclopedia of U.S. History 950). The atomic bomb was based off the science of nuclei splitting.…

    • 1573 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    It was clear that this immediate development of this weapon was becoming more and more necessary as the war continued on. The challenging part of this endeavor though, was keeping its existence completely top secret. If the Germans or Japanese ever learned of the existence of the Manhattan Project it could alert them of the attack thus lessening the overall blow of the bomb when it was used. Keeping the project a secret was not a simple task when it was considered that the project employed more than 120,000 Americans. There also needed to be an initial test of the bomb making the mission of keeping the bomb top secret even more difficult.…

    • 1927 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    On July 16, 1945, Truman received news that the first ever atomic bomb was ready to be tested. This weapon was by no means just an experiment meant to store away and have in the event that conflict broke out and the US needed an effective way to protect itself from the offenders. The creation behind this weapon was solely to force Japan to surrender and allow the end of World War II. However, using it had been questionable ever since its initial creation, and especially after it had been tested for effectiveness. A weapon as powerful as the atomic bomb would cause a vast amount of death and destruction, the morality of using it was constantly questioned in different aspects.…

    • 1219 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    casualties of up to 1 million” according to the website of History. To prevent this for happening, President Truman decided over the moral opinions of Secretary of War Henry Stimson, General Dwight Eisenhower and some of the scientist of the Manhattan Project to use the atomic bomb. They were hoping to bring the war to an end. Above all, the Secretary of State James Byrnes a proponent of the Atomic Bomb believe that the bomb “would not only end the war, but also put the U.S. in a dominant position to determine the course of the postwar world” referring to the website of History. In other words he agreed that sending the bomb would help the United States in not only win against Japan also it would move the U.S. into a leading position in the postwar world.…

    • 1728 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Beside President Truman motivations which was to end the war, he was still new to this idea of the atomic bombs. Stimson Secretary of War brief him on the topic and advised Truman to drop the bombs. Stimson reasoning for doing this was to first end the war with Japan and secondly to scare the USSR. Since Truman wanted to know more so that he make the right decision and with Stimson they help formed the Interim Committee. It included high ranking military officials and top scientist from the Manhattan Project as advisor like Oppenheimer, Fermi, Lawrence, and Arthur Compton.…

    • 1049 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Los Alamos Research Paper

    • 767 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Ultimately, the decisions made about the bombs would affect numerous generations beyond the current one. The courses of action taken at Los Alamos were not taken on a whim. Scientists and politicians wanted to start building an atomic bomb because they feared Germany was also making atomic bombs. Originally, America’s atomic bombs were…

    • 767 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The Pros And Cons Of The Atomic Bomb

    • 1201 Words
    • 5 Pages
    • 16 Works Cited

    Truman was the most important in the deciding factor of this situation. He was immediately thrown into this position after President Roosevelt's death on April 1, 1945 (Jennings). Though Truman didn't know much about the situation, he was one hundred percent confused, he knew the war had to end so American lives could be saved, even though he was aware that alternatives to using the bomb existed (Bird). If Truman had been more informed on the atomic bomb, he might have made a better decision, the right decision. Truman was informed on the atomic bomb mostly by James Byrnes, also known as "Mr. Atomic Bomb" (Jennings).…

    • 1201 Words
    • 5 Pages
    • 16 Works Cited
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    “The Manhattan Project” was a former research project that was responsible for developing the first atomic bombs during World War II, with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada from 1942 to 1945 . General Leslie Groves of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer were in-charge of the Project . The members of the committee combined their expertise, technology, science and finance. The success of the Manhattan Project was when a uranium bomb called “Little Boy” and a plutonium bomb “Fat Man” was dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. The success was a result of the collaboration between both the scientific and the engineering disciplines.…

    • 1460 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Throughout the 1940’s-1950’s, the mission to achieve nuclear advantage over the enemy was crucial. The United States and USSR had nuclear-programs in order to make, and perfect the atom bomb, or nuclear weapons. During the Cold War the USSR and the USA were in a race to build the atom bomb. Although they both had secret and confidential programs, that not many people knew about, spies were very effective in order to discover new information. The USSR potential to build an atom bomb was underestimated by the West.…

    • 1099 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays