It is fortunately for this generation manager because they have more than century's management theory and thought to retrospect. Although modern management theory dates primarily from the early twentieth century, there was serious thinking and theorizing about managing many years before. Throughout many different contributions of writers and practitioners have resulted different approaches to management, resulting in a kind of management theory jungle and help them to face the challenge of the future.
Despite the inexactness and relative crudity of management theory, the development of thought on management dates back to the days when people first attempted to accomplish goals by working together in groups. To know …show more content…
'The Ideal Bureaucracy', Max Weber (1864-1920),
'Hawthorne experiments', Elton Mayo (1880-1949)
'The Theory of Human Motivation', Abraham H. Maslow (1908-1970)
Many of the theorists strongly disagree with each other. Some of the differences are so radical that they can never be reconciled. An important outcome of this is that, although there might be general agreement from time to time on what constitutes best management practice, the theoretical ingredients will tend to vary. 'Classical management theory is therefore contestable rather than definitive. Although there is a sense of progressive, evolutionary refinement, there is no master narrative to reassure us that the latest theory is necessarily the best.' (John Sheldrake,1997) Management theory did not, of course, arrive fully articulated at the beginning of this century; it already had a considerable history.
3. Classical Approach
3.1 Classical Defined
We always debated whether the management theory is or not useful. First, it is difficult to isolate any particular set of principles or models (classical, behavioural, management science) in "pure" form. Especially translate those principles into practice from the various modifications and efforts. Second, particular principles of management are interpreted differently by various individuals, and the result is often confusion. Third, the major schools of thought espousing management principles house