Malnutrition And World Hunger : Canada 's Food Guide Essay

1742 Words Dec 4th, 2016 7 Pages
Possible Solutions to Malnutrition and World Hunger
Canada’s Food Guide identifies the 4 food groups that make up our diet. Important vitamins, minerals and amino acids are obtained from each of these food groups. Despite that, it is possible to obtain all the vitamins and minerals from plant-based sources. This is the basis of vegetarianism. However, micronutrients are often unequally distributed between plant species and even within the different tissues of the same plant. For example, the edible part of rice plants, also known as the rice endosperm, contains minimal amounts of iron, folate, pro-vitamin A, and vitamin E. On the other hand, the leaf contains satisfactory amounts of these micronutrients. Unfortunately the leaf is not suitable for human consumption, thus posing a problem as rice is the staple food in several developing countries. In an attempt to rectify this problem, micronutrient supplementation has been employed around the world (Beyer, 2010). In 2004, approximately 68% of children around the world received vitamin A supplements. However, the supplements were distrusted inequitably. Consequently, the supplements sometimes skipped over the children from poor rural areas. On average, rural children were 10% more likely to miss out on supplements than their urban counterparts (The United Nations Children 's Fund, 2007). This holds true regardless of what specific supplement is being administered.
Another possible solution is food fortification where the…

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