Male Breast Cancer Analysis

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This paper examines the risks factors associated with male breast cancer in comparison with female breast cancer. It will also observes the follow up treatment recommended for men versus women. Although male breast cancer is rare, just like for female breast cancer, the occurrence has increased in recent years. Since most men do not recognize there is a problem or they are too embarrassed to mention it to their physician, male breast cancer is often found at a much more advanced stage than that of female breast cancer. This coupled with the fact that there are no screening recommendations for male breast cancer, as there is for female breast cancer, it makes the diagnosis a bit more difficult to make when the cancer is in its infancy. …show more content…
Although infrequent, the American Cancer Society reports that one in seven hundred seventy four men will be diagnosed with male breast cancer (MBC). For women, it is one in eight that will be diagnosed with breast cancer. The risk factors for MBC is somewhat the same as female breast cancer (FBC). A family history of breast cancer in both male and female increases the risk by 2.5 times (Patten, 2013).
Most MBC patients present with a palpable mass that is not painful (Patten, 2013) while the majority of FBC is found on a screening mammogram before any signs or symptoms are present. This mass is most often found directly behind the nipple area. The diagnostic imaging and staging used for MBC is the same as for FBC this includes a mammogram and breast ultrasound followed by a core needle biopsy to obtain a definitive
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Most MBC are treated with simple mastectomy whereas most FBC is treated with a lumpectomy (Gomez-Rapsos, 2010). There are not standard treatment guidelines for MBC but it often mirrors what would be done for a FBC. After surgery, if there are positive lymph nodes, positive margins or for a tumor that measured over five centimeters and no matter if male or female then the standard of care would be to recommend radiation treatment. As for chemotherapy, it is considered in males with hormone receptor negative tumors with a high risk primary breast cancer just like in female breast cancer. Due to the lack of occurrences and studies, for the most part, male breast cancer is most often treated exactly like female breast

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