Male Breast Cancer Analysis
Although infrequent, the American Cancer Society reports that one in seven hundred seventy four men will be diagnosed with male breast cancer (MBC). For women, it is one in eight that will be diagnosed with breast cancer. The risk factors for MBC is somewhat the same as female breast cancer (FBC). A family history of breast cancer in both male and female increases the risk by 2.5 times (Patten, 2013).
Most MBC patients present with a palpable mass that is not painful (Patten, 2013) while the majority of FBC is found on a screening mammogram before any signs or symptoms are present. This mass is most often found directly behind the nipple area. The diagnostic imaging and staging used for MBC is the same as for FBC this includes a mammogram and breast ultrasound followed by a core needle biopsy to obtain a definitive …show more content…
Most MBC are treated with simple mastectomy whereas most FBC is treated with a lumpectomy (Gomez-Rapsos, 2010). There are not standard treatment guidelines for MBC but it often mirrors what would be done for a FBC. After surgery, if there are positive lymph nodes, positive margins or for a tumor that measured over five centimeters and no matter if male or female then the standard of care would be to recommend radiation treatment. As for chemotherapy, it is considered in males with hormone receptor negative tumors with a high risk primary breast cancer just like in female breast cancer. Due to the lack of occurrences and studies, for the most part, male breast cancer is most often treated exactly like female breast