Malaysia Water Crisis Essay

3785 Words 16 Pages
Register to read the introduction… In global arena, Malaysia is often considered as a ‘develop’ country. The urban growth is dynamic in accordance with the rapid economic growth and industrialization. The infrastructure has been strained by rapid urban growth and there are high needs of improvement of amenities such as water supply, electricity, transportation, environment and drainage (Weng et al., nd). The impacts of the growth have put excessive demands on water supply and water resources. Besides economy and industrialization, the number of population also has increase. Malaysia has a few cities with high density of population such as Lembah Klang, Pulang Pinang and Johor Bahru. These cities required more demands on water supply than other cities in Malaysia. In 1998, Malaysia facing the serious water crisis because of the drought from climate changes (El Nino Phenomena) and as shown in Figure 3 (a. Drought cause the plant dry; b. Water problem is getting critical; c. Water problem is getting critical). Due to this, Lembah Klang is one of the top critical places having the water crisis. The State Water Board has to ratio all the water supply to make sure the entire user get enough water at that time. Government has listed some of the effort that can be used for water shortage; rainwater harvesting system is a part of it (Mohd.Shawahid et al., 2007). However, the implementation of this system is not moving further …show more content…
The 1999 ‘Guidelines for Installing a Rainwater Collection and Utilization System’ can be seen as the initial phase of the rainwater harvesting policy in Malaysia. The main purpose of these guidelines is to reduce the dependence on treated water and provides a convenient buffer in times of emergency or a shortfall in the water supply. It also proposed the construction of ‘mini dams’ or rainwater tanks in urban area instead of continuing to build giant dams upstream (Mohd.Shawahid et al., 2007). This guidelines is intended as an ‘ideal manual’ for reference for those who want to install a rainwater harvesting and utilization system (MHLG, 2008) After five years of this guidelines, namely in 2004, the Ministry of Housing and Local Government has prepared another cabinet paper to the National Water Resources Council to encourage government buildings to install a rainwater collection and utilization system. The Council has later announced that rainwater utilization is to be encouraged, but not mandatory. The Department of Irrigation and Drainage and The Ministry of Energy, Water and Communication (KTAK) are the two government agencies that implement the rainwater harvesting system in the early. The acceptance on rainwater harvesting system in the beginning is not good enough. Only few areas like Sandakan and Shah Alam that has introduced rainwater harvesting

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