Essay on Malaria in Rural Tanzania

1943 Words Jun 16th, 2013 8 Pages
Malaria in Rural Tanzania
Monica Thompson
SOC300

August 29, 2012

Dr. Mark Perry

Introduction

Approximately half of the world's population is at risk for contracting malaria, particularly those living in lower-income countries” (WHO, 2013). It is a major public health issue that plagues developing countries around the world; however, “more than seventy percent of the total morbidity is in Africa” (Snow et al., 2005). Although both preventive measures and treatments exist, malaria prevails as one of the biggest killers in Sub-Saharan Africa. Children, pregnant women and HIV-infected individuals are most susceptible to contracting the illness. Tanzania, located in east
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With the discovery of DDT by Paul Muler in1942, hope for malaria eradication became a reality (Lambert, 2003). Spraying DDT along with draining bodies of stagnant water, usage of bed nets, and cheap drugs showed promise of global eradication in the future. Europe was able to eradicate malaria; however, due to the social, economic, and political factors, Africa was hindered from partaking in these interventions.

The use of repellents such as lotions and sprays can be used as first-line defense for preventing a bite from the female Anopholes mosquito. However, in Tanzania, these repellents can be very costly, so a majority of people do not have access to them. It is also advisable to wear long-sleeve clothing when outdoors. In households, the utilization of insecticide-treated nets is highly encouraged. In fact, the use of insecticide-treated nets is the most efficient and cost-effective method to control malaria. Communities that use insecticide-treated nets reduce their risk of malaria transmission. “The use of insecticide-treated bed nets in areas of high transmission can reduce child deaths of malaria by fifty percent” (UNICEF, 2005). Insecticide-treated nets can range between $5 and $10, but in many African households, that may be a whole year’s worth of income

Early diagnoses of malaria can prevent it from becoming severe malaria. The anti-malarial chloroquine is used in areas where its resistance to plasmodium is

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