alternative view on migration. Sanders strengthens his essay and ideas by using Aristotle's
appeals to connect to his readers. He further strengthens his essay by acknowledging the validity
and faults of Rushdie's claim. Sanders wrote the essay to change Americans' current perspective
on migration as well as to discredit Rushdie's idea.
From the start, Sanders writes with Aristotle's appeals in mind. In the first half of the
essay he creates lists of examples: "From the beginning, our heroes have been sailors, explorers,
cowboys, prospectors, speculators, backwoods ramblers, rainbowchasers, vagabonds of every
stripe.” Through making a list of multiple …show more content…
The Spaniards devastated Central and
South America by imposing on this New World the religion, economics, and politics of the Old."
By associating the people who migrate—as well as the concept of migration—with death and
devastation, Sanders contradicts Americans and their beliefs and instead urges them to change
their views. Furthermore, Sanders also inverts a part of Rushdie's argument: "People who root
themselves in places are likelier to know and care for those places than are people who root
themselves in ideas." Using an inversion, Sanders effectively discredits Rushdie's ideals with his
own words. The contradiction and inversion lessens Rushdie's argument while strengthening
Sanders's and instigates some thought about migration.
Sanders wrote his essay in the hopes of changing the common American belief on
migration. This was accomplished through inversion, contradiction, and using Aristotle's
appeals. With those rhetorical devices, Sanders abated Rushdie's opinion on migration and
probably changed some Americans' beliefs in the