Makeup Use Increases The Frequency Of College Students With Tetracycline Resistant

1988 Words May 19th, 2016 8 Pages
Makeup use increases the frequency of college students with tetracycline resistant S. epidermidis found on skin
Cosmetics contain antibiotic preservatives to inhibit microbial growth and prevent spoilage (Russell 1990, Brannan 1995). Microbes can exist in unopened cosmetic products, and contamination of cosmetics increases with usage, so antibiotic preservatives are used superfluously (El-Bazza et al. 2011, Tan et al. 2013). Antibiotics induce evolution for resistance in bacterial populations, creating bacterial strains that are immune to further treatment and rendering medically necessary antibiotics ineffective (Periame et al. 2015, Hegstad et al. 2010). Despite this, products undergo rounds of consumer testing, and more antibiotic preservatives are added to those that contain too much bacteria (Lindstrom and Hawthorne 1986).
Cosmetics contain microbes such as Staphylococcus epidermidis, a bacteria known to cause infections (Christensen and Bruggemann 2013). Cosmetic users had up to 33% more microbes present on their skin than the skin of non-users, and almost all of the cosmetics tested contained antibiotic-resistant bacteria (Varghese et al. 2014). Strains of bacteria found in cosmetics demonstrated increased resistance compared to bacteria found in other products (Orus et al. 2015). Animal products can be used in cosmetics as well, and antibiotics such as tetracycline, an ingredient in many cosmetic preservatives, are used on animals to prevent infection (Abasi et al.…

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