Slavery In Virginia During The Civil War

Improved Essays
The Civil War were a war between the southern states and the northern states. The south were part of the Confederate States of America and the north were part of the United States of America. The main reason for the war were to protect slavery for the south and the north believed otherwise. Slavery in Virginia became one of the main states that were center of attention during the Civil War. The north were determined to abolish slavery and the south became outraged at the thought of not having slaves. Virginia were one of the biggest states that had slaves and slavery helped the economy grow. There were many states that broke away from the union and President Abraham Lincoln were determined to convince the states join the union again. Virginia …show more content…
By 1784, Virginia had ceased land in the northwestern territory which helped the government to start creating states. Around 1788, Virginia became the tenth state to enter the union after ratifying the United States Constitution. Around 1800, life were given to a slave named Nat Turner. Nat studied his surrounding while being on the plantation and as he grew older he began to learn how to read and write. On the plantation where Nat lived, the owners must not followed the rules as other slave owners did about not allowing slaves to be in a group of four or more because the owners thought that the slaves were plotting against them. Apparently other slaveholders were right because Nat started with getting a few slaves that he could trust involved with his plan. They had to learn how to communicate with one another without giving up their plot to rebel against their …show more content…
They decided to not abolish slavery. Instead, they came up with an abolition to tighten restrictions on African Americans. African Americans were prohibited from earning an education to slaves and free blacks, restricted rights of the assembly blacks, withdrew their right to vote, and required for white ministers to be present at black worship services. By 1859, abolitionist John Brown and others attack the U.S. military at Harper’s Ferry in order to gain weapons to start a slave revolt. The army sent Colonel Robert E. Lee to end the revolt, and Brown was captured and executed. Many southerners were outraged at the event, and began to see the north as their enemy. In 1861, the Civil War began. Virginia had the largest slave population, and decided to leave the union. By this time Abraham Lincoln was the president of the United States. He did not want the war to be about freeing slaves because the capital was surrounded by all slave states. Many slaves have started to cross state lines, and the confederacy was running to the country to capture their slaves. This became a problem because Butler was going to use slaves as a part of the war, and slave owners wanted their slaves back. Lincoln did a proclamation that stated as him being commander in chief, he can write a bill stating that slaves were property and not people, which mean they can be seized to be used in

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    A former slave of the south wrote a letter about how a slave in these times cannot serve two masters. The Union wants them to join their army, while the South seeks to keep them as slaves. President Lincoln sought to arm as many soldiers, whether the soldier was white or colored it didn’t matter if it meant it would crush the Southern rebellion. All the slaves sought for was not to serve two masters, but they wanted nothing more than liberty. Deep down, they knew that if slavery was still enacted there would always be a rebellion against the Union.…

    • 993 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Slavery was the underlying cause of the American Civil War. After the Republican and abolitionist Abraham Lincoln won the election in 1861, southern states became afraid of his political believes. His election caused major discussion in the southern states, that depended on slavery. States were preparing for secession because of the new president’s future actions. These states were very dependent on agriculture and abolishing slavery would certainly hurt them.…

    • 1799 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Republican Party Formation

    • 1039 Words
    • 5 Pages

    “Lincoln’s election outraged many southerners” (Smith). They reject the idea of sucumming to a president that was in accordance with republican ideology. Their ideology happening to be the abolishment of slavery. They lost the power to accumulate the number of slave states because the North preferred an equal amount of slave states to Free states. The south also thought that this was going to influence Lincoln’s decisions over the issue, which many were right to believe for his “growing opposition led him to introduce a law that gradually ended slavery” (Smith).…

    • 1039 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Many have questioned, what was the cause of the Civil War? Some may say it was because of the difference of the North and South socially, industrial and agricultural differences, taxation, or state rights. The real reason of Civil War was over slavery. Slavery was starting to become an issue in America during the 1800s. Northerners wanted to abolish it but Southerners on the other hand, strongly agreed to slavery.…

    • 1488 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The 1800’s were plagued with conflict regarding the issue of slavery. The two different opinions of the North and South in regards to slavery, states’ rights, and expansion caused the regional Civil War within the United States (1861-65). Threatened by the presidential election of anti-slavery Abraham Lincoln in 1860, deep southern states seceded from the United States to form the Confederacy. Four years of war between the states devastated the North, South and led to further conflict regarding slavery. Although the outcome of the war in 1865 was in favor of ending slavery and granting freedom to blacks, not all was granted that easy.…

    • 937 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    This drove a wedge right through the heart of nineteenth century America. The union in the north fought tooth and nail in an attempt to abolish, or rid themselves of slavery. While the south did everything in their power to keep their slaves. In fact, the south viewed the north’s views as a violation of their constitutional rights. The south broke away and…

    • 1428 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    However, the Emancipation Proclamation applied to Blacks in the Confederacy, and it excluded the slave states that remained loyal to the United States (Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri). The Emancipation Proclamation did not provide any benefits to African Americans in the United States with the except of being able to serve in the Army. More importantly, it turned the war into a moral crusade for Northerners and Southerners fear of a Republican abolitionist president was proven to be true. The significance of the Emancipation Proclamation on the Civil War was it sparked the conflict and increased the importance of the war…

    • 1291 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Charles B. Dew argued that he believed that the Civil War was over slavery. He presented evidence to why he believed that slavery was the primary focus. The Union wanted equality with the Union and for the Union to have power but, the Confederate states were a threat to the Union after they separated themselves from the United States. Dew stated that the Union wanted the Confederate to abandon slavery if that if they didn’t there would be a war and that is exactly what happened; a war. Gary W. Gallagher didn’t believe that the war was over slavery but, that the war was over the Union.…

    • 1928 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    The actions of the slaves greatly contributed to the war’s purpose of abolishing slavery. Benjamin Butler declared that the Fugitive Slave Act, which declared that runaway slaves be returned to their master, was no longer valid in states that left the Union; declaring the runaway slaves as contraband that was confiscated by the Confederacy. These slaves would be put to work in labor intensive positions with a significantly less salary than white soldiers. Slaves fighting among Union troops along with their white abolitionist allies put a great amount of pressure on the Lincoln administration to abolish slavery. With this great pressure, Lincoln drafted the Emancipation Proclamation which would result in a lack of labor forces for the Confederacy…

    • 1200 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Gradually, the war progress and he started getting pressure from the ‘African Americans and the abolitionists to changed his mind make the statement that the elimination of slavery is the reasons the Union was fighting the ‘Civil War (Robin, Kelley, & Lewis, 2005, p. 227). Therefore, the amount of pressure from the abolitionists and the number of African Americans fighting for the Union and turned the tide of the war. In reality, the free African Americans and the remaining slaves believed that the only way to end slavery was for a Northern victory, even though the government tried to stay away from that statement and only say it was to save the union. Therefore, this cause some voice their opinions, as the famous Frederick Douglass stated, “The American people and the Government at Washington may refuse to recognize it for a time but the inexorable logic of events will force it upon them in the end and that the war now being waged in this land is a war against slavery” (Robin, Kelley, & Lewis, 2005, p. 228). In fact, during the Civil War 185,000 African Americans served as soldiers on the Union side with half of them raised in the South and another 200,000 supported the troops as mechanics, cooks, and laborers (Mullane, 2013, p. 236).…

    • 814 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays