Main Effects Of The Mexican American War

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1. The Mexican War - The Mexican-American War began in 1846 when President Polk sent a United States representative make an offer of purchasing California and parts of New Mexico from the Mexicans. He also requested to settle the border territory claims in Texas. The US offered $25-$30 million, along with $3 million in relief debt for American citizens. The Mexican government refused to meet with the representative, causing Polk to order US troops to move into the disputed territory to protect the border, where fighting between the two nations would break out on April 25, 1846. On that day, a Mexican force had killed sixteen American soldiers at the Nueces River. The disagreement over the border of Texas was the main reason for conflict. The Mexicans had believed that the Texan border was at the Nueces River, whereas the Texans claimed it was even more south at the Rio Grande River. On July 7, 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico. The war would last until 1848, when the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed.
2. Treaty
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Compromise of 1850 - An effect of the California gold rush was the Compromise of 1850. The increase in population in California, due to the gold rush, had allowed for the establishment of a state constitution, a governorship, and a legislature. These were all a part of the Compromise of 1850, officiating California as a US State. There were a total of five separate bills that were a part of the compromise. The document was drafted by Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky and pertained to the territories acquired during the Mexican-American War. The compromise surrendered Texas’ claim to New Mexico, along with its territory above the Missouri Compromise Line, admitted California as a free state, and prevented the passage of the Wilmot Proviso, which would have outlawed slavery in all territories acquired during the Mexican-American War. It also outlawed slave trade in the District of Columbia, but did not outlaw the entire institution of

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