Main Causes Of Urbanization In India

1500 Words 6 Pages
Employment opportunity, prosperity and other factors are the main reason why people start to move to Cities. Nowadays, a half of the world population is already residing in urban areas. By 2050, two-third of the world’s population is expected to live in cities. Urbanization is a word for becoming a city. It also means people shifting from rural to urban areas. Urbanization happens in all over places in the world, and it brings both positive and negative effects to societies. Urbanization has become a common feature of Indian society. Growth of Industries has contributed to the growth of cities. Urbanization rate in India starts to accelerate after obtaining its independence from the British. After the independence, India adopted a mixed economy …show more content…
First one is the industrial revolution. It is the transition to new manufacturing processes including going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power, the increasing use of steam power, the development of machine tools, the rise of the factory system etc. People started to think that working in factories, industrial sector, is more interesting that working in farms, agricultural sector because the more industries increase, the more workers are required, so the growth of industrial sector are equal to the more employment opportunities. People moved from countryside to small towns to get works in factories, which later made small towns become large …show more content…
Traditionally, most of Indian people lived together with their family members, which is called as joint family. However, living in the urban areas cost higher cost of living than in rural areas. Most of the Indian families who live in the cities could not maintain their joint families and prefer to live in the nuclear type of families. One of the most important problems of the urbanization in India is cost of living. The cost of living in urban areas is higher than living in rural areas. Many people who are living in the cities cannot afford the price of living in the cities, so they cannot maintain a decent standard of living. For example, in Metro cities like Mumbai, Bangalore etc. it is very difficult for lower income groups to maintain a decent standard of living. Increase in crime rate is another issue. In the urban centers, the crime rate is higher than in the rural areas. Theft, cheating, Murder and the kinds of crime are common in the urban centers. Because of the high cost of living in the cities, it is quite difficult for lower income people to survive in the cities. As a result, some of them commit crime in order to earn the money to survive in the

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