Madeline Leininger's Theory Of Culture Care Diversity And Universality

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The American theorist Madeline Leininger was a pioneer nurse-anthropologist whose theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality was developed during World War II when many refugees and immigrants from diverse cultures were moving to the United States and to other places in the world (Leininger, 2006). The major event that led to the development of Leininger’s theory happened in the early 1950’s, when “the theorist worked as a clinical specialist caring for mildly disturbed children of diverse cultural backgrounds” (Leininger, 2006, p. 1). Leininger (2006) found that the significant role of culture in healing, caring processes, and mental treatment practices was not appreciated by nurses and other health professionals. Leininger (2006) then reasoned that “understanding and responding appropriately and therapeutically to clients of different cultures was a critical need” that warranted further study and research. In order to become knowledgeable about different cultures, “she decided to pursue an academic doctoral program in anthropology” (Leininger, 2006, p. 2). During the conceptualization of bringing culture and care together, she faced resistance due to lack of studies and lack of interest from nurses (Leininger, 2006). Nevertheless, the need gradually became more apparent as she continued with her study, and in due course, “after five decades of study and research, the Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality has been established as a major, relevant, and …show more content…
Andrews (2006) stated that because transcultural nursing provided a broader perspective to complex and dynamic interconnections which together influenced care outcomes, it has become the caring disciplines. Besides the Culture Care Diversity and Universality theory, the Sunrise Enabler provides rich and

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