Macedonia History

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I. HISTORY OF THE CULTURE
A country located in the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe, Macedonia is a nation with roots that run deep in history. “Macedonia” is the oldest surviving name of a country in Europe. The Historic Macedonia was governed by the Roman Empire, by the Byzantine Empire, and by Turkey. In 1878, the Treaty of Stefano granted possession of the largest part of Macedonia to Bulgaria. However, Bulgaria was defeated by the Greece and Serbia in the Second Balkan War of 1913 and as a result, possession over a large portion of Macedonia was transferred to the Greeks and Serbs. On September 8, 1991, Macedonia finally achieved its independence and, in 1993, became a member of the United Nations under the name Former Yugoslav Republic
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Even though Macedonia does not have a specific staple, foods such as lamb, grapes, eggplant, cheese, wine are regularly consumed. Grains, vegetables, fruits, various meats and some desserts such as the “baklava”, are also popular. Furthermore, Macedonians particularly value sheep and yogurt. Moreover, there are numerous events celebrated in Macedonia, among which are Galicnik Wedding Festival, Ilinden Uprising Day, and Strumica Carnival. During these events, Macedonians would gather together and prepare various dishes served in terracotta dishes shaped in various forms. Some of the popular foods prepared include their culture’s specialties like “Tavče gravče” which is their national dish, “Ajvar,” and “Shopska.” (Brittin, …show more content…
Onion bulbs are crushed and mixed with salt and is applied as a compress to treat wounds and bruises. Chili peppers are mixed with clarified butter or pork fat and applied as an ointment to treat rheumatisms or joint pains. Cornelian Cherry extract is distilled to and is used to treat fever. Watermelon is consumed raw and believed to cleanse one’s intestines. Unripe walnuts are consumed to treat cough and improve blood regulation. Fresh plums are fermented for one to two months then distillated and used to treat ear problems, improve heart condition, reduce tiredness, and disinfect wounds. Apple is also used to make homemade vinegars, which is believed to be an effective treatment for hypertensions. (Pieroni et al,

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