Luther's Criticism Of Church

Cesar Betancourt
Church History II, Dr Stefano

Question 1. as you read this text, identify 3-5 these that you think best capture Luther’s overall position and write a few sentences for each explaining why?

Thesis number 81: Is related to the licence given by the Pope to preach the pardons. this thesis helps us to understand Luther’s criticism of Papal authority. For him this kind of preaching, that at that time was considered Magisterium of the Church, was totally absurd and therefore the pope himself was loosing authority by approving it. The possible non-power of the pope could be the unveiling of Luther’s theology. Thesis number 82: He does not transcend his particularly “Judah economy”, which is the scandal of wasting money in Church
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Saint Cyprian calls to this situation “will be the fuel and cause of all heresy and schism”. Today’s is the result of his thought. One pillar that he used was Augustine that was placed to a bishop for the community but always he submits to the authority and for this he was able to believe in the Church. It is real that he was scared to the pope because he was called to face him in a conversation but he was not able to do …show more content…
Only through faith, it is possible to be free, this is a statement that is progressive and logical because the fact that the law made me see myself incapable to be free, works became useless to get something different because the law only bring me to accomplish moral behavior that mean that it is no need of works it is not necessary the law and faith is enough to be totally free of external situation that only oppress people. he sustained this argument by Roman 1 “justified Christian lives by faith alone”.
Question 6. what exactly does Luther mean by “Babylonian Captivity” in the text? what other names does he use to describe it, and what does that tell us?

The circumstances that bring Luther to call the Church a “Babylonian Captivity” because he saw that the Church is conserved by itself all the sacraments, and the interpretation of the Scripture, where he saw the pope like a king and not like a servant of God on earth, on the contrary, he rejected five of the seven sacrament because they are not present in the Bible, but he did not know that in the first christians community they knew many concept of their form of life, we can said that to explain the Eucharist they don’t need to specified every little detail of it, also the analogy of the scripture where emerge the others sacraments. For this he is only staying with two sacraments of initiation that are baptism and the eucharist because they are implicated in

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