Lung Cancer Research Paper

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Lung cancer is the leading cancer killer amongst both men and women in the United States. It surpassed breast cancer as the leading cancer killer of women in 1987. Cancer is a disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in the human body. Lungs are a pair of organs that are stored inside the rib cage. Inside the lung is where the oxygen you inhale is stored. Lung cancer is a form of cancer that develops in a person’s lungs, the organs necessary for breathing ( Sheen, p.11 ). It usually appears in smokers more than it does in non-smokers . Lung cancer is the most preventable cancer, there are three types of cancer, three top causes of it, ways to prevent it and three types of treatment.
As it was stated earlier, Lung cancer
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The second type of lung cancer is Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) also known as “Oat cell cancer” because under that microscope it resembles oats . Almost 15% of lung cancers are small cell lung cancer. Small cell lung cancer spreads more quickly than NSCLC. Small cell lung cancer has two stages to it. The third type of lung cancer is Lung carcinoid Tumor. Lung carcinoid tumor grows slower than all of the other types of lung cancer . Fewer than 5% of people with lung cancer suffer from this type. The tumor is caused by cells called neuroendocrine cells. It affects the protect membrane that surround the lungs. Most patients with this form of cancer die as a result of respiratory failure or pneumonia. This is a rare form of cancer , But if the cancer is advanced , there is only a five year survival rate …show more content…
A lobectomy involves the removal of the tumor and the lobe in which the tumor is situated, as well as any near by lymph ( A colorless fluid containing white blood cells, that bathes the tissues ad drains through the lymphatic system into the bloodstream ) and blood vessels (Sheen p.43). If the tumor resides in the airways , or involves all lobes on one sides. A different procedure is needed , Its called a pneumonectomy. In this procedure , the whole lung plus adjacent lumps nodes and blood vessels are removed ( Sheen p.43). After either procedure is performed, The patient usually stay in the hospital 4-10 days after their surgery ( Sheen p.43 ). In most cases , surgery removes all signs of the cancerous cells. In some case radiation therapy is required. Radiation Therapy may be administered before surgery to shrink a large tumor , after surgery to combat the possibility that microscopic cancer cells may still remain in the lungs , or in combat with chemotherapy as a way to slow down the progress of advanced lung cancer when surgery is no viable (Sheen p.44). Radiation therapy uses x-rays and other forms of radiation , such as gamma rays. Gamma rays are used to change the structure of cancer cells so that they can no longer divide. During the process of radiation therapy a beam of radiation is directed at the part of the lungs where the tumor is located ( Sheen p.45). The down side to using radiation is that it can also damage perfectly healthy cells. Every effort is

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