Louis Riel And John A. Macdonald Analysis

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The two men that I will be comparing today are Louis Riel and John A. Macdonald. Both of these men have contributed many things that have shaped our country that we see today, and are arguably two of the most important figures in Canada's history. Louis Riel was a Métis man who was born on October 22, 1844, on the Red River Settlement in Saint-Boniface. Riel was fluent in both English and French. During his lifetime, Riel achieved many great successes and inspired many people. Riel was a Métis leader, the founder of Manitoba and the National Métis Committee, and was also one of the primary figures in the Red River Resistance. Ultimately, Riel was executed in Regina, Saskatchewan on November 16, 1885, after he was found guilty of high treason.

Sir John A. Macdonald was a Scottish man born in Glasgow, Scotland on January 10, 1815. During MacDonald's lifetime, he accomplished multiple triumphs. Some of these include being the first Prime Minister of Canada,
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Firstly, there was tension between the Métis and the federal government. The Métis were worried, mainly over their land rights which; "provoked the inhabitants' determination to have a voice in the terms under which the community would be incorporated into Canada." (Rea, 2006). The Métis then put their trust into Riel and his provisional government. With Riel in charge of negotiations, he finally broke down Macdonald and Manitoba officially became the fifth province of Canada in 1870. Thanks to Riel; "English- and French-language rights were safeguarded, as were Protestant and Roman Catholic educational rights; [but] the right to education in either English or French was not protected." (Rea, 2006). Without Riel, Manitoba would not have been a province and the Métis would not of have had the leadership and guidance they needed to oppose the

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