Louis Madison's Model Essay

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Ever since societies transitioned from feudal and medieval practices, the role and method of government has been frequently discussed. From Louis XV’s Laissez-Faire, to Marx’s Communism, government’s duty to society and the process by which said duty is achieved has become an important question. Political philosopher and constitutional founder James Madison sought to maximize the liberty of the American people, while still allowing the government power over it’s people. Through discussion and analysis of Madison’s model as it relates to political philosophy, establishing power, alleviating corruption, and the protection of rights and liberties, this essay will prove such a model to be an institutional solution to the problem of human nature. …show more content…
This is accomplished through a checks and balances system, whereas each branch of government has the ability to prevent corruption from other branches. These branches include the legislature, the executive branch, and the judiciary. The intention of the legislature is to be the most powerful. Madison did this in order for the power of government to rest within republicanism and popular sovereignty. Legislature is split into two branches, making it a bicameral legislature. The House of Representatives was designed under a delegate model in that elected officials are intended to represent their constituents, whereas the Senate was designed with the trustee model in mind, in order to allow for a more elite, experienced legislature works to push an agenda rather than represent constituents. In Madison’s model, citizens running for senator must have previously served in the House in order to establish legitimacy and seniority. The bicameral system was chosen too accomplish two agendas. Firstly, to curb the amount legislature passed, and to allow compromise to Anti-Federalists, for they preferred the delegate model whereas Federalists subscribed to the trustee model. The legislature, in order to uphold checks and balances, has the ability to impeach members of the executive for breaking federal law or misusing government power. The executive branch consists of the President, Vice president, and their corresponding advisory council. The executive has the power to pass or veto legislation before the legislation is put into place. Further more, the executive branch exercises a series of duties such as the commander in chief (leader of the military), chief diplomat (foreign policy coordinator), and head of state. Being the president is considered the highest honor of a US citizen, however the executive is the most regulated branch of the government. Lastly,

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