Lord Of The Flies By William Golding Essay

1135 Words Nov 10th, 2015 5 Pages
Lord of the Flies by William Golding tells a story about a group of boys that get stranded on a deserted island. However, Golding uses his characters, setting, and other tools to convey a much deeper story; the story of human nature. His three main characters Jack, Ralph, and Piggy are symbols for the three parts of the human psyche. These components of our mind are called the Id, Ego, and Superego, and together they control our thoughts and behavior. They are a part of psychologist Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality which he created in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. Lord of the Flies provides an understanding of the fragile balance of Freud 's three parts of the psyche using symbolic characters; therefore demonstrating how our primal instincts can overpower our ability to act logically and maintain a society.
Sigmund Freud 's psychoanalytic theory of personality explains how human behavior can be broken down into three parts: the Id, Ego, and Superego. The Id is responsible for our most basic instincts and thoughts. It is the largest part of our psyche and it is the first section to develop in newborn babies. Any thoughts involving survival, aggression or sex, usually stem from the Id. When addressing the Ego, Freud said, “that part of the Id which has been modified by the direct influence of the external world,” (Freud). Our Ego mediates between our primitive impulses and our environment. It is in charge of logical decisions based on our needs and the…

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