Lord Of The Flies, By William Golding Essay

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Around the time of World War II, a theory by Sigmund Freud emerged stating that the human psyche contains the psychic apparatus, otherwise known as the Id, Superego, and Ego. Furthermore, the Id, Superego, and Ego can be categorized based off of their different principles. The Id is associated with the pleasure principle, the Superego with the morality principle, and the Ego with the reality principle. Interestingly enough, the allegorical novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding also escalated in popularity around this time as well. With the growing interest of these two topics, a myriad of people began to analyze “Lord of the Flies as an allegory of the human psychology” (Henningfeld) through the Freudian theory, thus presenting overwhelming evidence of the relativity between the two. To clarify, Golding uses the characterization of Jack, Piggy, and Ralph to illustrate that the human psyche is solely composed of three parts: the Id, the Superego, and the Ego. Jack’s characterization throughout Lord of the Flies represents the human psyche, as explained through Freud, in various ways. Although the human psyche is composed of three parts, Jack mainly represents the part “located in the unconscious mind where it works always to gratify its own impulses” (Henningfeld), otherwise known as the Id. An example that exhibits Jack’s Id-like personality is when he hunts the pig instead of maintaining the signal fire. Jack chose to fulfill his desires over the hope of being…

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