Logical Fallacies Examples

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Logical fallacies are the overall analysis of an argument or an message that is being shown. Fallacies are normally involved into many marketing methods, as well as, in the law. I began to explain these examples to my roommate on Friday night. I went through each logical fallacy and explained to her what they were, along with an example of each. The name of all the logical fallacies are as follows: Ad hominem argumentum, ad misericordiam argumentum, ad populum argument, bandwagon appeal, begging the question, circular reasoning, dicto simpliciter, false analogy, false dilemma, faulty use of authority, hasty generalization, non sequitur, post hoc, ergo propter hoc, red herring, slippery slope, stacking the deck and straw man. This gave her an …show more content…
I began with the bandwagon appeal and shared that it is behaving with the majority. The example I gave was that all people who live in Chicago are Cubs fans. Now this is a statement that could be argued and is not true, but when defining the definition, I felt that it was a perfect example. On the contrary, the begging the question fallacy is different because it means that to prove the assumption needs to be proven with an overload of questions. An example of this fallacy is saying: he parties because he is in college. This begins to open a bigger question because it is ultimately asking is it because he is in college or because he is a male? In addition the fallacy, circular reasoning, says that repetition is used to deduce the initial argument. The example I gave my roommate was, I want to go to school because I want to graduate. It repeats the idea twice and lacks evidence behind it. I found that the dicto simpliciter fallacy had the same idea as the bandwagon …show more content…
One is the post hoc and ergo propter hoc. This is when one establishes a questionable cause-and-effect relationship between events. An example I found and shared was “My mom fell down the stairs and broke her back because I stepped on a crack the other day.” I found that the post hoc and ergo propter hoc could also relate to the red herring argument because one could confuse and argument by using questions to distract the argument from another person, The definition of red herring is evidence being used fallaciously to distract the audience from the true issues of the argument, The example I gave to my roommate was a player on a team saying “I did not play a good game because the coach didn’t put me in to play.” This distracts the other reasons from why the person may have not played well in their game. The slippery slope is one event that will inevitably lead to a chain of other events that end in catastrophe. An example of this would be: I can’t be late to work. If I am late to work I will be fired. If I am fired I won’t be able to pay for school. If I can’t pay for school I have to drop-out. If I drop-out, I will not be successful and won’t be able to get another job. Therefore, I will be homeless because I do not have a job and I will be homeless. That means I cannot be late for work. As I explained that example, my roommate and I had a moment to come up with many

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