Locus Of Control And Social Learning Theory Essay

1554 Words Dec 15th, 2016 7 Pages
Locus of control stems from social learning theory (Rotter, 1954) and Weiner’s (1974, 1985) attribution theory, and refers to a person’s perception about the underlying root causes of successes or failures in his or her life (Heider, 1958; Lefcourt, 1966; Rotter, 1966; 1975; Weiner, 1974).When individuals most often believe their successes and failures are due to factors within their control, they are viewed as having an internal locus of control (i.e., success or failure happened because of effort the individual put forward or did not put forward).If individuals most often believe their successes and failures are due to something outside of their control (i.e., success or failure happened because of luck or task difficulty),they are regarded as having an external locus of control. For extensive reviews of the literature on locus of control and attribution theory, see Assouline et al. (2006), Carton and Nowicki (1994), Findley and Cooper (1983), and Lefcourt (1982).

Attribution interpretations can lead to both positive and negative reactions. For example, if an individual interprets a failure as the result of too little effort (an internal locus of control), he or she likely believes that increased effort will make a positive change in the outcome. Those with an internal locus of control are more likely to strive for achievement, work to improve their situation, apply what they learn toward positive outcomes for the future, and persist in the face of failure(Findley &…

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