Four Forms Of Federal Government

This summer I took Government 2305 with Mrs. Reyes. I went in the class not knowing a single thing about our government or the importance of it. I thought the class was going to be a difficult course just because I am not into the subject; however I learned many important things in just one month. I have learned several things throughout this course, for example, the type of federal government of the United States, four important philosophers, and abundance of the U.S Constitution. First of all, the United States has a democratic republican government. There are three branches of government called the Legislative branch, Executive branch, and Judicial branch (Reyes, 2015). The Legislative branch makes the laws. The United States Congress is …show more content…
Thomas Hobbes was a philosopher that wrote a book called Leviathan. The book was written in 1651 and detailed Hobbes’s theory that all humans are selfish and evil, he believed that human nature was bad and the best government was a monarch to keep everything in control and order. However John Locke, who had the opposite perspective of what Hobbes believed in, was an English philosopher who wrote Two Treatises of Government in 1690 and the Second Treatise of Government. The book described how Locke believed that human nature is good and that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience and that a child is born with Tabula Rasa which means blank slate. He believed that a representative government would be best for our society. Baron de Montesquieu is a French philosopher who wrote a book called The Spirit of Laws in 1748. He developed the idea of having three district branches of government. He also believed that power corrupts everyone. Montesquieu supported checks and balances, but he was against absolute power. He believed the climate was a major factor in determining the type of government a given country should have. Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a French philosopher who believed that human of nature, we are all “dumb brutes” which means neither good nor bad. He wrote The Social Contract in 1762. The book described how Rousseau …show more content…
Constitution is made up of seven articles, but I only learned six. The first article is about The Congress and establishes the legislative branch. This article explains the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives has some requirements, for example, one requirement is a twenty-five years-old age limit. The leader of the House is the Speaker of the House and is chosen by the members. Then there is the Senate which is the other part that makes up the Congress. The Senate also has some requirements, such as a thirty year-old limit minimum. In second article, it establishes the executive branch. The President and Vice-President are part of this branch, and they both have their four year terms (Mount, 2010). Some requirements for being a president, first of all thirty-five years-old is the age minimum to becoming president, another necessity is the president must be a natural-born citizen. The president has duties to serve the Country and gives the President the power to do so. There is also an impeachment in this article which is an accusation of misconduct. Article three establishes the judicial branch which is made of the court system. The article defines the types of cases that are heard and are appealed for example treason. The fourth article is about the states. This article is mainly stating that each state has to recognize the laws of other states. In addition, states cannot discriminate against the citizens of other

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