Federal Government Vs State Government

1101 Words 5 Pages
In the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, it states that local governments are a matter for the state law and not the federal law. It is because of this that the states have developed a wide range of structures and systems for local governments. The United States Census Bureau has identified four different types of local government systems. The first one is a county government, which are authorized in state constitutions and statutes. Then there are town or township governments, which are also authorized in state constitutions and statutes. They are usually referred to as municipalities and their population can vary greatly from millions of people that live in New York City to only 287 people in Jenkins Minnesota (White House, …show more content…
One of the responsibilities that the state government has is providing support for farmers and agriculture. They are also responsible for providing state police stations and prisons. Local governments are also provided by the state for cities, towns, or municipalities (Wikipedia, State Governments, n.d.). Social welfare including state pensions are also required by the state government to provide. They also have the power to regulate pollution and sewage within the state too. The state’s budget is also another role that the state government is in charge of. The state is also responsible for providing education for public and private schools, while the local government is the one who builds the schools for the cities. Electricity and gas supplies are provided by the state government to the state, local governments, and the people. The hospitals and health services are provided by the states too, along with housing and working with the local governments to provide main roads and public transportation. They also provide clean water with the help of local governments too, but usually the states have a bigger responsibility when providing water. State governments have the power to ratify amendments to the state’s constitution (Infoplease, 2016). State governments also have the power to set …show more content…
The Executive branch, in every state, is headed by the governor, who is elected directly by the people of the state, like how the President of the United States is elected. In a lot of other states, the other leaders that make up the executive branch are elected by the people like the governor. This includes the lieutenant governor, attorney general, the auditors and commissioners and the secretary of state. However, states reserve the right to organize the structure of their government in any way that they want. So a lot of them are different compared to one another with regard to executive structure. Also, no two state executive organizations are the same. The next branch is the legislative branch and all 50 states have legislatures that are elected representatives. These representatives consider matters that have been brought forward by the governor or they have been introduced by its members to create legislation that will become a law. The legislature is also in charge of approving a state’s budget, along with initiating tax legislation and articles of impeachment. There is also a system of checks and balances among the three branches of government called “the latter”. This part of the system is a mirror reflection to the federal system and is designed to prevent any branch from abusing its

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