Local And Rural Development Case Study

4175 Words 17 Pages
Chapter Seventeen

Local and Rural Development

Egypt is considered one of the oldest countries in recognizing the local administration since the division of delta into two major parts; countryside and urban
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It aims in the first place at achieving the developmental balance among the governorates through caring for the governorates and their development. In this respect, allocations for investment projects carried out by the Ministry of Local Development during the fiscal year 2007/08 total LE 1.76 billion. The National Project for Developing Villages Surrounded by Desert Under the terrible overpopulation and the continuous erosion of the agricultural lands, there has to be a substitution to encompass this increase. The state moved east and west of the Nile on an area of several kilometers to establish about 400 new villages on an urbanely, civilizational basis that suits the overpopulation. This is considered a national project that will be implemented during the coming twenty years to encompass about 4 to 5 million people. This is on condition that the state will undertake to set up the basic utilities and urban planning of the villages with providing services to encourage the settlement process. During 2005/06, a number of 21 villages close to the desert were determined in seven governorates as a first stage starting with Upper Egypt with a ratio of 3 villages in every governorate. In addition, efforts are underway to prepare for the second stage of the project where the data of 280 villages has been completed initially. This stage includes developing the villages …show more content…
The project's total implemented investment during the last decade reached about LE 2.5 billion, in addition to LE 300 million investments for rural development during 2006/07. These investments contributed to implementing more than 100,000 projects in villages all over the Republic. This includes many fields such 242

as potable water, sanitary drainage, paving roads, electricity, health, youth, culture, women, and children in addition to education, as the rural students represent nowadays more than 85.5% of the total number of students enrolled in preuniversity education.

Egypt's Programme for Development of

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