Living in the Environment 16th Edition Chapter Review and Vocabulary

6219 Words Jan 24th, 2014 25 Pages
Living in the Environment : Concepts, Connections and
Solutions
Miller and Spoolman
16th Edition

Practice Questions: Chapters 1-25
2009 - 2010

Practice Questions – Chapter 1
Environmental Problems, Their Causes, and Sustainability
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Describe what is meant by the phrase “an environmentally sustainable society” as
related to the human population.
Distinguish between (a) natural capital (b) natural resources (c) natural services
(d) solar capital (e) natural capital degradation.
What is the difference between economic growth and economic development?
Describe two basic ways that economic growth can be accomplished.
Distinguish between developed countries and developing countries. Give
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Describe the (a) carbon (b)nitrogen (c) phosphorous and (d) sulfur cycles and
describe how human activities are affecting each cycle.

Vocabulary Words
Genetic diversity
Habitat
Ecosystem
Biosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Hydrosphere
Geosphere
Trophic level
Autrotrophs
Heterotrophs
Decomposers
Detritivores
Biomass
Ecological efficiency
Pyramid of energy flow
Biogeochemical cycles

Practice Questions – Chapter 4
Biodiversity and Evolution
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What are the four major components of biological diversity? What is the
importance of biodiversity?
What is an endemic species? Why is it vulnerable to extinction? Distinguish
between mass extinction and background extinction.
What is species diversity? Distinguish between species richness and species
diversity and give an example of each.
Describe the “Theory of Island Biogeography”. Illustrate your answer.
What is an “ecological niche”? Distinguish between generalist species and
specialist species and give an example of each.
What are the reasons that the amphibians are vanishing? List some reasons
why we should protect them.
Describe the role of a beaver as a foundation species.
Give three reasons why we should protect sharks from being driven to
extinction.

Vocabulary Words
Biological evolution
Natural selection
Adaptive trait
Differential reproduction
Speciation
Geographic isolation
Reproductive isolation
Genetic…

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