Literature Review: Compassion Fatigue

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Literature Review
Compassion fatigue strongly impacts nurses as well as patients throughout healthcare. Awareness is essential among compassion fatigue not only emphasizes the reality of burnout, increased unnecessary stress, negative work environments, lack of leadership support, nursing retention problems, reduced patient satisfaction scores, and financial contingencies specifically patient reimbursements (Kelly, 2015; Hunsaker, 2015; Sacco, 2015; Lachman, 2016). However, positive resolutions have been established to improve nursing recognition specifically, the “daisy award (Diseases Attacking the Immune System)” within nursing practice in recognizing exceptional nurses who demonstrate admirable quality patient care, as well as “Magnet
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Compassion fatigue defined by Pembroke (2015) is a “state of significant depletion or exhaustion of the nurse’s store of compassion, resulting from repeated activation over time of empathic and sympathetic responses to pain and distress in patients and in loved ones” (As cited in Lachman, 2016, p. 276). Jenkins and Warren (2012) defined compassion fatigue as an indicate secondary traumatic stress and vicarious traumatization are often used interchangeably with compassion fatigue (as cited by Lachman, 2016, p. 276). No matter the definition compassion fatigue affects patients directly within healthcare, resulting in compromising quality of …show more content…
Sabo (2011) research tried to better understand how the antecedents of workplace stressors such as patient load, organizational demands, and caring for the critically ill, or traumatic situations related to compassion fatigue. Sabo’s (2011) research ended by stating more research is needed to better understand the relationship between workplace stress and burnout. Whereas Gillespie and Melby (2003) research, focused on understanding the concept of burnout and the ramifications. The respondents were asked to identify stressors in the workplace with the common themes to include; “namely staff, patient issues, work pressures, management issues and medical staff” (Gillespie and Melby, 2003, p. 12). This research showed that these physical demands cause nurses to be pulled from the bedside spending less time with the patients with a 16% of the respondents reporting depersonalization. As cited in Gillespie and Melby (2003), Hayter (1999) research reported a respondent explained depersonalization as “I have become more callous since taking this job” (p.847). Although 16% of the respondents may seem like a relatively low number, Gillespie and Melby (2003) did indicate the limitation of understanding the patient 's perspective on

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