Literacy Instruction Essay

2399 Words 10 Pages
A 4. Describe your students’ prior instruction and background knowledge and how those factors will influence your planning and/or instruction for the lesson you will submit.
What do students need to know before they engage in this lesson? Include, as well, what do children know, what can they do and what are they learning to do related to language and literacy development? Students are familiar with chicks, butterflies, and frogs, and most have seen these animals before. However, most students do not have any prior knowledge on life cycles. Teacher will use a book and a video to help her teach this concept. Both the book and the video will support language and literacy development through reading, speaking, listening, and discussions.
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The kinesthetic activity will help them have a better grasp of the chick life cycle, as children can better grasp an idea when they are active learners. Communication is the key for the teacher to pass down the information and for students to ask questions as well as demonstrate the acquired knowledge. Group work is a great way to practice the newly acquired skills. Together these strategies will help students to identify different stages of a life cycle of a chick.
B 6. Describe how the lesson incorporates literacy instruction (reading, writing, listening and/or speaking). Explain how provision is made for effective accommodation of the needs of students with learning differences. Literacy is incorporated in this lesson by the reading of a book, the children listening to the story, the children answering (speaking) to questions made by the teacher throughout the reading of the story, the counting both by the teacher and students. For the student with ADHD, teacher will sit him next to her during the reading and will ask some of the questions directly to him, in order to keep him engaged in the activity and minimize his need to “wonder.” While working in the small group, he will sit on a bouncy ball in order to give him the movement he needs without moving away from the

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