With the development of a civilized society in America during the 1700s and 1800s, the role religion played in an everyday person's life was becoming more and more diminished. To combat this, a series of religious revivals were set in motion: The Great Awakenings. These were a series of large, sweeping religious, social, and political changes that sought to use the basis of religion to revive faith in a neglected belief, bring about numerous social reforms, and use political factions to great effect upon society's mentality. Although most view the First Great Awakening as the first' and greatest' religious, social, and political influence to American society, the second Great Awakening can be considered far more influential in its
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Although after the First Great Awakening America's religious zeal faded, its influence in religion was the beginning step (www.wikipedia.org). The Second Great Awakening's religious cycle took a bigger step in trying to turn the religious tide. Starting in New York during the early 1800s, the movement spread north, south, and west before ending during the 1840s (Klepp, 2). The Second Great Awakening's religious portion came about through the replacement of the predestination doctrine with the belief that anyone, whether they be sinners or not, can achieve salvation through the internal and external struggle against sin. The revival meetings of the First Great Awakening proved to be a success, and using that idea, the preachers of the Second Great Awakening used grand-scale camp meetings and intensified levels of revival to great effect, attracting hundreds of thousands of followers, both indoors and outdoors (Fogel, 2) to sing, dance, and participate in worship (Klepp, 2). The Second Great Awakening shows more progress being made than the efforts of the First Great Awakening, for the First merely starts it, the Second continues it.
As religion was being revitalized, the morals and themes it entailed were being applied to the social aspects of life, adding another item to the to-do' list of the Great Awakenings. As the First Great Awakening gained momentum, it began to use other areas of life to supplement the religious revival: how society is