I. Introduction A. Westcott and others believe chapters 15–17 took place in the Temple courts B. “He went forth” it is not clear from where He went forth. C. Kidron is identified with cheimarrou – flowing in winter – it was an intermittent “wadi”. Kidron means black. Perhaps Jesus identified as crossing this dark dry brook as passing from the Holy of Holies to the place where sin in all its darkness appeared to enjoy a monetary triumph.
II. The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus (18:1–14). “When He had finished praying, Jesus left with His disciples and crossed the Kidron Valley. On the other side there was an olive grove, and He and His disciples went into it. Now Judas, who betrayed Him,
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Apekopsen – cut – literally means to tear or rip not slice Peter was not aiming for the ear! He was going to kill the man. H. Verse 10, Peter as usual, is doing the right things at the wrong time I. Captain – Roman leader – over about 1000, a very important person. J. Jesus bound – illegally – it was unlawful to bind a prisoner before condemnation. They only bound dangerous criminals. K. People normally stumble at their strong point. The Romans strong point was law, yet they continually violated their law. L. First taken to Annas 1. Father in law to Caiaphas the high priest. 2. Was high priest from 15 b.c. to 6 a.d. 3. Deposed by Pilate’s predecessor, Valerius Gratus. 4. Vice-president of the Sanhedrin and the patriarch of a family which held the office of high priest until 62 a.d. including 5 sons and son-in-law. 5. He was the real power behind the high priest and many Jews considered him the High Priest. M. The six trials of Jesus. The Jewish Trials Before Annas (18:12–14). Before Caiaphas (18: 19–27). Before the Sanhedrin (Mt. 27:1–2). The Roman Trials Before Pilate (18:28–38). Before Herod (Luke 23:6–11). Again before