Liberal Views Of Immanuel Kant And Niccolo Machiavelli Essay

1831 Words Oct 12th, 2015 8 Pages
Liberal and Conservative Views of Immanuel Kant and Niccolo Machiavelli: The success of the governance of a state relies on leaders methods of gaining and retaining power while constructing society. Immanuel Kant’s ([1784] 2013) book Answer the Question: “What is Enlightenment?” sets the foundation of gaining and retaining power while constructing society around the process of enlightening subjects and eventually transferring political power. Niccolo Machiavelli’s ([1513] 2006) The Prince uses the method of holding power and knowledge solely to the individual in authority. This paper will acknowledge both methods of gaining and retaining power, compare and contrast both philosophers methods, and include the input of my own opinion in relation to liberal and conservative views in order to determine the best method of gaining and retaining power while constructing society. In his book Answer the Question: “What is Enlightenment?” Immanuel Kant ([1784] 2013) has the perspective that political power is gained and retained through educating subjects. Kant asserts that this is done through the relationship of religion, and freedom. In Kant’s teachings he suggests that religion and freedom are closely related, and with the knowledge of religion the freedom to rationally distinguish right from wrong will follow. With the notion of religion guiding freedom Kant established that this concept should be a focus for political leaders and moral political decision-making. Kant…

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