Improvisational Model Of Organizational Change

Good Essays
Organizations are social entities formed to achieve the collective goals (Daft, 2010). Organizations perform tasks through routine processes thriving for efficiency. All organizations need to change; no matter small or large, they need to change to survive. Moreover, the internal and external environment of organizations is constantly changing. For that reason the organizations always need to adapt to a changing environment in order to thrive. That means that organizational change is obviously something to do with organization. Same time organizational change means permanently altering patterns of organizational behaviour.
One more thing that needs to be said is that successful organizational change unfortunately is very difficult to achieve.
…show more content…
Speaking about planned model to change, it’s necessary to mention about Lewin’s model of change (1947a) that includes three steps. They are unfreezing, moving and refreezing (Lewin, 1947a). When organization is preparing to make the planned change, at first, all the ways have to be thought over, after that organization has to choose the best way to achieve the targets and put the best way into the action. If something unpredictable happens, react fast and come back to the chosen plan. Planned change model depends a lot on stable …show more content…
& Hoffman D., 1997). They are:
• anticipated change which includes some plan elements – what organization intend and want;
• emergent change – what occurs along the way. Organization didn’t plan something but that was happened;
• opportunity-based change – how organization use what occurs. Something was happened on the way, and organization use it actually to bring change in the different direction, finally organization is becoming more efficient.

An Improvisational model of change (Orlikowski W. & Hoffman D., 1997):

Describing improvisational change process, it can be said that organization has a target, but the way to reach this target is unpredictable because organization is always adapting to changes situations. The head of the organization expects always something will be happen. As a result, the head of the organization is always open and ready to change fast. In this model the act first and then only thinking why this action has been done.

So to say it briefly:
• Planned change has its limits;
• Turbulent environment requires improvisation;
• Actual change is always anticipated, emergent and opportunity

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    It consists with three steps. The three steps are (1) ‘‘unfreezing’’, decide the change, (2) ‘‘change’’, moving to a new or apply change, (3) ‘‘refreezing’’, adopt the new change (Lussier & Achua, 2013, p. 413). Lewin (1947) argued, a successful change project involved three steps (see figure 7). Unfreezing phase instigated by the actions of a charismatic, strategic or transformational leader. Leaders need to understand and describe the threats and opportunities to the people in the organisation and followers have to convinced of the change need, when they are not convinced there is more likely to have resistance .…

    • 834 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Ten-Steps Process

    • 823 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The reason the preceding words are bolded here is to call attention to the fact that solutions may change over time and be rendered ineffective based on a new set of circumstances. For this reason, it is always good form as a leader to continually monitor and evaluate processes to assure optimal levels of…

    • 823 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Affective communication is key when undergoing a big change. Change requires flexibility. The better you are adapting to change, the greater your chances of being successful. You always want to assess the new situation. For example, maybe the new job isn’t what you typically do.…

    • 1178 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Lewin's 3 Matrix Model

    • 1410 Words
    • 6 Pages

    According to Anderson (2015), change is a requisite factor for organizational development, and is required for organizations to remain effective, productive and satisfying to team members. Change may be required at the organizational level, or at the employee level. As a result, successful organizations must become competent at organizational change. To this end, much time and effort has been spent creating models of change, either from gathering empirical data or by more subjective personal experiences and observations. The aim of this paper is to examine two such models with regards to the role of the leader, overcoming resistance to change, and the communication process.…

    • 1410 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It is very important type of change because while going through any type of change it is important to create a need of change among all the participants. The corporate leader’s role is also very important in unfreezing because it requires a well structured way of implementation the change by managing the behaviour and attitudes of people working together. It also requires a strong commitment of all the people to work together for a stated common vision. Moving is the next phase in which corporate executive level identifies, plan and implement the appropriate strategies. In this phase it is also decided that either corporate has to go for incremental or radical changes.…

    • 1343 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Kouzes and Posner stated that transformational leaders instill “a sense of adventure in others, look for ways to radically alter the status quo, and scan the environment for new and fresh ideas. Leaders always search for opportunities to do what has never been done” (as cited in Ingleton, 2013, p. 224). Sustaining resonance in a leadership position requires for leaders to be change agents. Being a change agent is a highly critical role as it takes purpose, passion, and perseverance. In today’s competitive global environment of declining resources, competing priorities and increased demand for services it cannot be business as usual.…

    • 777 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Peter Drucker

    • 1821 Words
    • 8 Pages

    There are many points that concern the major expectations, new certainties and changing being a norm. Drucker thinks organizations and the individual knowledge workers must take action and make changes accordingly to live. Drucker’s beliefs orbit around seeing things in a different light, progressive methods, and always evolving to be ready for the future. The importance of knowledge workers is a very important aspect of…

    • 1821 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It is also important to note that change is a gradual process and must be taken systematically. Rushing a change, might lead to failure and hence losses in the business. For this reasons, employees must be psychologically prepared through being informed of the change about to occur. In addition, employees must be made comfortable towards achieving the target of the organizational change. No rushing things without giving clear information, earlier before the implementation.…

    • 903 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Project Management Guru

    • 1556 Words
    • 7 Pages

    ii) Ever changing: the project risk is constantly changing. What was not a risk yesterday may be a big risk tomorrow. The same is the case for risk performance. Since the risk and environments change, constant reevaluation of risk is necessary. According to Project Management Institute (2013), two important considerations when planning project risk responses include: Create an action plan with the steps to take if a risk…

    • 1556 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Unfreezing involves diminishing the current state of status quo to establish the new desired state. This is the most difficult stage of change. The leader must challenge the current beliefs and behavior of the organization, while at the same time projecting the future. This…

    • 733 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays