Levine's Conservation Model And The Health Promotion Of Nola Pender

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Theories are an important stronghold in the nursing profession. They are the framework that bind and mold nurses in their chosen paths. There has been numerous theories that were made and developed, and used currently. Two of these are Levine’s Conservation Model and The Health Promotion of Nola Pender. These two theories are both beneficial to both well and ill. Nola Pender is focused on the promotion of health and advocacy of a healthy lifestyle while Levine focuses on the individual’s ability to adapt and conserve energy in the midst of environmental factors.

Nola J. Pender: Health Promotion Model
Health Promotion Model is a theory formulated by Nola J. Pender, PhD, RN, FAAN, was a professor of nursing at the University of Michigan in
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The health promotion model has been used in the different aspects of nursing education. It has a great importance in the field of public /community health nursing and has been taught in the different nursing school programs. Nurses can use the variables in the model in assessing different health behaviors and preferences and from that develop their plan of care. Also, the health promotion variables can be used by all health care institutions in structuring interventions and protocols in the nursing department not just for patient care but for staff development as …show more content…
This will give the idea to nurses to focus more on the influences and responses at the orgasmic level. The nurse through structure energy conservation, and social and personal integrity accomplish the goal. (Levine, 1967) Since conservation is vital to the outcome expected when the conservation model is used, Levine also pointed out the two other important aspects that are vital to the use of her model—adaptation and wholeness. She defined adaptation as the process of change and defined conservation as the outcome of adaptation. Adaptation is the process whereby the patient maintains integrity within the realities of the environment, which means the patient, is able to cope with the external stressors brought about by illness. (Levine, 1966,1989a) Secondly, wholeness is based on Eric Erikson’s (1964, p. 63) explanation of wholeness as an open system which we quote: “Wholeness emphasizes a sound, organic, progressive mutuality between diversified functions and parts within an entirety, the boundaries of which are open and fluid.” We also quoted Levine (1973, p. 11) stating that “the unceasing interaction of the individual organism with its environment does represent an ‘open and fluid’ system, and a condition of health, wholeness, exists when the interaction or constant adaptations to the environment, permit ease—the assurance of integrity…in all the dimensions of life.” This

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