Level 4 Counselling Theory Assignment Essay

3344 Words Jun 5th, 2011 14 Pages
Counselling Diploma
Year: 1

Unit 3
Theory Assignment

Karina Hallworth


Criteria 1
The Historical Development and Philosophy of Person Centred Counselling. 3
Criteria 2
The key concepts, principles and practice of the model. 5
Criteria 3
The concept of self and the development of self-concept. 10
Criteria 4
Comparisons of Counselling Models. 12
Criteria 5
The dangers of using methods and techniques without adequate training. 15

References 17

Criteria 1
The Historical Development and Philosophy of Person Centred Counselling.
Carl Rogers (1902-87) was the founder of the client-centred or person-centred approach to counselling and therapy. (McLeod 2001)
As a student, Rogers
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6. The communication to the client of the therapist’s empathic understanding and unconditional positive regard is to a minimal extent achieved.
Emphasis is placed on the three core conditions, empathy, congruence and unconditional positive regard. Using these conditions helps the therapist to try and understand the client’s experiences and feelings, allowing the client to feel heard and understood, accepted and valued, enabling the relationship to grow mutually. This environment helps develop their self-concept and organismic valuing process, allowing them to think for themselves and become fully functional, eventually reaching the state of self-actualisation.
Actualising Tendency.
Human’s, as an organism, have the ability and drive within to positively grow towards self-fulfilment; becoming everything one is capable of becoming.
Based on the hierarchy nature of Maslow’s theory, the journey begins with the physiological needs, such as food, water, shelter etc. Then we need to feel safe through protection.
Once we have filled these needs, we can begin our search for love, belongingness and self-esteem, through receiving and giving love and affection, acceptance and affiliation. We learn to respect others and ourselves and build our own self-confidence.
We then move onto cognitive and aesthetic needs, where by through curiosity and

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