Lemon Battery - Essay

771 Words Oct 9th, 2012 4 Pages
Lemon Battery creating a battery from a lemon is a common project in many science text books. Successfully creating one of these devices is not easy.
Batteries consist of two different metals suspended in an acidic solution. Copper and Zinc work well as the metals and the citric acid content of a lemon will provide the acidic solution.
Batteries like this will not be able to run a motor or energize most light bulbs. It is possible to produce a dim glow from an LED. The picture at the top of this page shows a basic lemon battery, a lemon, copper penny and zinc coated nail.
The lemon: A large, fresh, "juicy" lemon works best.
The nail: Galvanized nails are coated in zinc. I used a 2" galvanized common nail.
The penny: Any
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The wire that comes out beside the flat spot must connect to the "-" side of a battery, the other wire to the "+" side.
Important information about LEDs: LEDs are designed to work at very low voltages (~ 2V) and low currents. They will be damaged if connected to batteries rated at over 2 volts. LEDs require resistors to control current when used with batteries rated at over 2 volts. Lemon

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