Legalization Of Decriminalization

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Under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, the possession and production of cannabis, which is also known as marijuana, weed, or pot, is a criminal offense in Canada. For the possession of cannabis, the severity of the offense depends on the quantity. The penalty is a maximum of five years imprisonment for possessing more than thirty grams of cannabis.

According to The Economist, legalization is defined as repealing all penalties from the possession as well as the production and sale of cannabis. Consumers can use the drug with impunity. Decriminalization implies that possession of small amounts of the drug results in small charges but not imprisonment or a criminal record. Larger quantities, distribution, and production will still involve
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The potential changes include making it only a ticketed offence and not a criminal penalty for possession of thirty grams or less of marijuana. The Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police voiced concerns that the current legislation resulted in a costly, lengthy, and complex process. Police were faced with only two options, which is to either warn or formally lay charges on the accused for a small possession of the illegal drug. The costs for criminal convictions include expenses for police, courts, and correctional services, which add up to approximately $2 billion annually, according to CCSA.

Accordingly, there are a few goals for legalization of cannabis. One of them is to regulate production as well as quality standards in efforts to prevent drug abuse and ensure better health outcomes. Another goal is to reduce costs for the courts and government for criminal charges. Further, legalization can undermine the black market, the profits generated from cannabis sales, and the trafficking and violence associated with it. An incentive is a tax base from a legal market of the drug, as
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According to the Society for the Study of Addiction (SSA), there would be a smaller impact on health from the legalization of marijuana, in comparison to the legalization of heroin or cocaine. One major reason is because cannabis is easier to obtain, which implies a smaller effect from its legalization. SSA also contends that legalization will reduce arrests on drug possession and production, but underage users will comprise a large portion of those convicted. Impaired driving will lead to similar rates as alcohol intoxication while driving. Legalization will also have modest effects on rates of crime and violence in the United States because cannabis is a not a major driving force in influencing these rates. CBC News reports that Denver police do not witness a significant change to crime rates or how they do policing since the legalization scheme in January

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