Legalization Of Assisted Suicide
The debate behind legalization of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) has been an on going worldwide dilemma. PAS is characterized, as a physician who with common intention gives a person the needs required for ending ones own life. In Canada PAS is illegal, under section 241 of the Criminal Code, however, Quebec is the only province where PAS has been legalized. PAS is also legalized in the state of Oregon, and in the Netherlands, where it is referred to as medical aid in dying. In Canada, the pubic support for the decriminalization of PAS is increasing, which is putting pressures on the government to change the laws against PAS.
The Canadian government has been constantly debating on the decriminalization and/or legalization of PAS, without it affecting the rights and freedoms of citizens according to the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Under Criminal Code of Canada, RSC 1985, c-46, s 241, it currently provides that “everyone who”: (a) counsels a person to commit suicide, or (b) aids or abets a person to commit suicide, whether suicide ensures or not, is …show more content…
Generally there are two types of euthanasia, passive euthanasia and active euthanasia. Both active and passive euthanasia aid in physician-assisted suicide, however active euthanasia is more commonly used in the countries where PAS, or medical aid in dying, has become decriminalized or legalized. Passive euthanasia is the hastening of death by withdrawing a form of support. This includes removing life support, stopping medical procedures or medications, or cutting off food and water. Active euthanasia is the causing of death of a person by way of a direct action, in response to a request from that person. Active euthanasia is usually accomplished by supplying the person wishing to die with the means to end life, often with the help of a medical doctor. The means may include barbiturates, carbon monoxide gas, or drugs, such as