Legalistic Methods: The Three Traditional Method Of Law Enforcement

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What we know as law enforcement today stemmed from traditional policing which began in 1829; when the London Metropolitan police district was created by the British Parliament. Sir Robert Peel (the first chief of the London Metropolitan Police) laid the foundation for the three traditional methods of policing that are widely known and frequently used in law enforcement today. These three traditional methods are: Random routine patrol, rapid response to calls by citizens to 911, and retroactive investigation of past crimes by detectives. Although, these traditional police work methods have been used for many years, they are not the only methods that can be used to execute police work. As a matter of fact, the effectiveness of the three cornerstones …show more content…
Police departments that utilize the legalistic style are usually strict and always go by the book, police officers are always extremely professional, and police officers are expected to write a large number of tickets/citations and make a large number of arrests. Police departments that utilize the legalistic style wish to emphasize the point that they use a single community standard for conduct; meaning that every individual will be treated the same and receive the same punishment if they decide to break the law. The watchman style‚Äôs overall purpose is to maintain order within the community no matter what. This style of policing is typically used in urban communities where high crime rates are abundant. Police departments utilizing this style may overlook many crimes within the community as long as public order within the community is always maintained. Lastly, the service style demands that police officers perform personal service functions in communities. For instance, police who utilize this style believe that they are keeping their communities safe from outsiders who try to invade their communities. This style of policing is typically utilized in suburban and middle class areas where individuals within the community want and demand personal police treatment. For example, individuals who participate in community programs such as the neighborhood watch would most likely prefer the service style of …show more content…
This new shift has introduced another policing style method known as community-oriented policing. Police officers utilize the community-oriented policing style in efforts to create personal relationships with citizens and build police trust amongst citizens. The community-oriented style is seen as an effective way to discourage citizens fear or hatred of police. Today, in law enforcement the community-oriented policing style is viewed as the most effective policing style. Due to the fact that community-oriented policing significantly helps improve police-community relations. Also, problem-oriented policing is another style of policing that is recently being used in law enforcement; due to its overall effectiveness in communities. The purpose of the problem-oriented style of policing is for police officers to analyze the problems happening within a community, and work hard to develop strategies as to how they are going to fix the communities problems and lower the overall crime rate of the

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