Legal 3 4 Essay

27904 Words Jun 27th, 2015 112 Pages
!








Principles of the Australian Parliamentary System
Government)–!The!government!is!the!party!or!coalition!of!parties!that!wins!the!most!seats!in!the!House!of!Representatives!
Parliament)–!Consists!of!a!group!of!elected!representatives!and!a!person!who!represents!the!Queens.!In!the!federal!parliament!that!person!is!the!
Governor>General.!Parliaments!make!the!laws!for!a!country/state!
Crown)–!The!monarch!is!represented!by!a!governor/governor>general.!Refers!to!the!position,!power,!or!dominion!of!a!monarch.!The!monarch!as!
Head!of!State!
Separation)of)Powers)–!The!three!branches!of!power!(executive,!legislative!and!judicial)!
Federal)System)–!The!power!to!govern!is!divided!by!the!Commonwealth!and!states.!
…show more content…

Queen’s!Rep!(Crown)!

Governor!(David!DeKrester)!
Legislative)Council)
Legislative)Assembly)

Structure of Parliament: Crown, Upper House, Lower House
Lower House of Federal (Commonwealth) Parliament
House)of)Representatives)

150!members!represent!electorates!

Elections!are!held!every!3!years!

Political!party!with!majority!of!seats!forms!government!(majority!of!76!seats)!

Currently:!Hung!parliament,!major!party!sought!support!from!minor!parties!to!form!a!minority!government!

Roles of the Lower House

Provide)responsible)government)
• Ministers!are!responsible!to!parliament!and!to!the!people!
• May!present!petitions,!raise!concerns!of!citizens,!and!participate!in!debates.!
• If!government!loses!support!of!the!people!it!must!resign!
People’s)House)
• The! Lower! House! is! there! to! represent! the! people! as! their! members! are! democratically! elected! and! are! given! the! authority! to! act! on! their! behalf! • Should!represent!the!interests,!views!and!values!of!the!majority!of!the!people!
• Laws!proposed/introduced!should!reflect!the!views!and!values!of!the!community!
!
Initiate)Bills)
• Most!laws!and!ALL!money!bills!are!initiated!in!the!Lower!House!
• Usually!introduced!by!the!government,!however!any!member!can!introduce!a!proposed!law!
!
Publicise)and)scrutinise)government)administration)
• Role! of! the! Lower! House! is! the! publicise! the! policies! of! government! to! ensure! legislation! is!

Related Documents