Task-Oriented Change: A Case Study

704 Words 3 Pages
Leavitt (1964) contended that any organization is constituted by four major perspectives which interact with each other. These are tasks, people, technologies and structure. (1) Task-oriented changes: Task-oriented changes are focused on external control, the organization’s responsibilities and products/services. Literally, the task means major jobs in the organization such as production, manufacturing and services. (2) Structural changes: These represent an organization’s systems of responsibility control, communications, and work procedures. Changes of this nature are focused on internal control, the system of authority, organizational hierarchy, and segregation of duties among departments. (3) People-oriented changes: Changes of this type …show more content…
Employees will only embrace the change and follow the process if they feel empowered. This takes deft negotiation and facilitation on the part of the public leader. Accordingly, the leader must engage and communicate with skeptical staff while developing clarity, strengthening the team, and communicating the organization’s vision. These skills were once required of executive staff only, but all public leaders will need to break free and encourage others to break free of the comfort zone and “move forward in a new direction” where these skills are a part of everyday work life (Edmonds, 2011, p. 35). To build collaboration, the public manager must also be able to understand people’s work and work style (Shulman, 2010). As Shulman (2010) points out, in the for-profit world, leaders can demand and mandate changes from the top, but in the public sector where workers often have strong views, opinions and commitment levels, leaders must take the time to understand and respect others’ perspectives and ideas, or change processes can be sabotaged from within. Public managers must have strong skill in persuasion and presenting a “compelling vision” to staff members (Shulman, 2010, p. 24). A public leader with proficient collaboration skills will gain more respect from staff than if he or she has expertise in a certain skill

Related Documents