Learning Theory As A Systematic Integrated Outlook Essay

1434 Words Dec 14th, 2015 null Page
In most of the cases, if not all, human is capable to learn without understanding the nature of the learning process (Bigge, 1982). However, by understanding the basic nature of the process and learning the way to manage it, they are able to solve numerous practical problems of the control of learning for their own needs (Hilgard and Bower, 1966). In order to effectively utilise and enhance their ability to use both themselves and their environments in a more productive way, the curiosity to learn has impelled human to learn how to learn (Bigge, 1982).

Bigge (1982) describes learning theory as a “systematic integrated outlook” regarding the nature of learning. Learning is a vast subject and can be viewed from a multitude of angles and viewpoints. An ordinary example of such variances is the interpretation of Marton and Booth (1997), who define learning as the way of comprehending and making meaning about the world. More recently, Fry et al. (2008) points out that “individual transformation” could be observed in the process of learning. Although there is no universal agreement to a single absolute superior theory of learning, many definitions correlate with each another. The main differences of the theories, however, lie more in the interpretation rather than the definition.

Thus, in this essay, three leading learning theories in the twentieth-century - behaviourism, cognitivism and constructivism - will be explored in turn. These viewpoints, in some extent, employ common…

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