Learning Theories From The Elemental And Holistic Models Essay

1399 Words Jun 7th, 2015 null Page
It has been discovered that we as humans, learn from the development of animals. Children and animals are the pathway of knowledge that leads to the critical understandings of how learning is developed and shaped. Bringing together personal and environmental experiences to modify and enrich our behaviors and world views. Throughout this paper, I will discuss important points of learning theories pulled from the Elemental and Holistic models and explain in details the significance of those concepts, and examples of teaching theories. To begin, learning theories fall into two major families, the Behaviorist and Cognitive theories. With several years and dissecting the theories, they have been conceptualized in terms of broader models; Elemental and Holistic models. The elemental model, “represents the universe as a system composed of discrete pieces operating in a spatio-temporal field: reactive and adaptive model of man” (2015, p.101). Theorists such as Edward L. Thorndike, “perceived inexperienced learners to be empty organisms who more or less responded to stimuli randomly and automatically” (2015, p. 48). Thorndike developed three laws to govern the learning of humans: 1) The law of readiness- when the leaner deciphers if the circumstances can be accepted or rejected 2) The law of Exercise- solidifying the connections with the materials and 3) The law of effect- strengthening or weakening the connections with consequences.
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