Essay on Learning Theories Are Concepts About How Humans Learn

936 Words Oct 6th, 2016 4 Pages
Learning theories are concepts about how humans learn new things. They focus on how information is taken in and saved by the brain. They describe our understanding of the material that is being presented. The three most well-known learning theories are cognitivism, constructivism and behaviorism. Cognitivism attempts to explain human behavior by understanding your thought processes. Constructivism says that people construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world, through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences. Behaviorism is a theory that assumes a learner is passive, only responding to environmental stimuli. The learner starts off as a clean slate and behavior is shaped through positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement. Each of these main theories has different smaller theories woven into their “big idea.” However, they all relate back to how humans learn information.

Social learning theory is tied into the behaviorist theory. This theory is based on the idea that behaviors are learned through observations done by the student, meaning students observe a behavior and then mimic it. McLeod (2016) summed up social learning theory by stating: individuals that are observed are called models. In society, children are surrounded by many influential models, such as parents within the family, characters on children’s TV, friends within their peer group and teachers at school. Theses models provide examples of behavior to observe and imitate,…

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